Classification of Programming Language assignment blog
Developers use coding languages as instruments to build software, applications, and websites. The complexity, function, and syntax of these languages differ. Programming languages can be categorised in several ways depending on their characteristics, designs, and applications. The most popular computer language classification techniques will be covered in this blog.
Classification based on Generation
Based on their generation, computer languages are first categorized. A language's "generation" is the time frame during which it was created. The four versions of programming languages are as follows:
First Generation (Machine Language): The first version of programming languages is called machine language. It is the machine's code, which is made up of 0s and 1s. Machine language can only be written by experts because it is extremely challenging to comprehend and use.
Second Generation (Assembly Language): The second wave of programming languages includes assembly language. Compared to computer language, it is a low-level language that is simpler to comprehend and use. Machine language commands are represented by symbols and mnemonics in assembly language.
Third Generation (High-Level Language): The 3rd generation of computer languages is high-level languages. They are made to be simpler to use and more approachable than assembly code. Programmers can more easily comprehend and write code in high-level languages because they use English-like statements.
Fourth Generation (Natural Language): The 4th generation of computer languages is natural language. Code written in these languages is written in human-readable sentences and expressions. AI systems, expert systems, & other sophisticated apps are made using natural language programming.
Classification based on Paradigm
Based on their paradigm, programming languages are categorized using a second approach. Software planning and development are fundamentally done using a programming paradigm. There are many different computer paradigms, and each has advantages and disadvantages. These are the prevalent ideas:
Imperative Programming: The most popular computer paradigm is imperative programming. In this paradigm, the programmer gives the machine step-by-step instructions on what to do. Python, Java, C++, and other computer languages are considered imperative.
Functional Programming: The use of functions is prioritized in the computing paradigm known as functional programming. In this paradigm, the coder concentrates on the goals of the program rather than the process of achieving those goals. Haskell, Lisp, and Scheme are examples of functional computer languages.
Object-Oriented Programming: A programming paradigm known as object-oriented programming (OOPs) employs objects to represent things in the real world. The OOPs languages are Python, C++, and Java.
Logic Programming: A computer paradigm is known as "logic programming" makes use of logical thinking to resolve issues. In this paradigm, a collection of rules and connections are defined by the programmer, and the computer employs them to resolve issues. Mercury and Prolog are two examples of logical computer languages.
Classification based on Domain
Based on their domain, computer languages are categorised thirdly. This system of classification is founded on the use of programming languages across various industries. The following are the most popular names:
Mobile Development: Mobile development is the study and practice of developing software specifically for mobile devices. Mobile app creation typically takes place in Java, Kotlin, Swift, or React Native.
Desktop Development: The creation of desktop applications is the primary emphasis of desktop development. Java, C++, and Python are some of the programming languages used for desktop creation.
Game Development: Video game creation is the primary emphasis of the field of game development. C++, C# and Java are some of the language’s programming used in game creation.
There are various ways to categorize programming languages, including by their functionality, degree of abstraction, and syntax. Software at the system level is developed using low-level programming languages, whereas software at the application level is developed using high-level programming languages. While object-oriented programming languages are built on the idea of objects, procedural programming languages take a step-by-step method. The goal of scripting languages is automation, while functional languages take a more methodical approach to problem-solving. Developers need to be familiar with the different categories used to categorize computer languages so that they can select the most appropriate language for a given task.
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